Squawk v4

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Squawk is a realtime broadcast which includes important headlines, price movement and rumors as stories develop to give traders and investors news in the fastest and most convenient form.

Connecting to Squawk

There are two ways you can connect to Sqauwk:

Notes for both WebRTC and RTP:

  1. It is advised to add reconnect functionality for WebSocket. It is useful, in case socket connection drops for any reason (maybe the internet is down for a couple of minutes). So add a functionality to try reconnection at some regular interval after WebScoket gets disconnected.

  2. The ID field (id) in each request/message is a unique UUID string used to coordinate messages between client and server over WebSocket.

  3. Each response to a message sent from the client will have Response appended at the end of the message's type sent. For e.g. a message with type joinRoom will receive a response with type joinRoomResponse

  4. Following is the format of the generic error response. In event of any error to a sent request, you will get the following response:

{
    "error": "Cannot join room PRO",
    "id": "4158f900-d652-483a-8147-866d99ed9f8a"
    "type": "joinRoomResponse"
}

As stated earlier, the type indicates the response to the message earlier sent.

Using WebRTC

Squawk is built on top of WebRTC. So one can connect to it through WebRTC supported browser using standard WebRTC API methods. The following are the methods that you will need to implement while writing a client for connecting to squawk.

Create a socket connection

First, create a web socket connection to squawk. The Benzinga Squawk WebRTC service WebSocket address is:

Address if using API key
wss://squawk.benzinga.com/ws/v4/squawk
Address if using JWT
wss://squawk.benzinga.com/ws/v4/webrtc

Note: API Key support is deprecated and new integrations should use JWT.

Authenticate

Using API key

Once the socket connection is created, authenticate with your apikey.

{
    "apikey": "f5kec5x6gplwdv8o5dcn5aydtyx132u8",    
    "role": "viewer",
    "type": "auth",
    "id": "4158f900-d652-483a-8147-866d99ed9f8a"
}

Note: If you do not yet have an API key (apikey), please get in touch with the Benzinga licensing team at licensing@benzinga.com. This is a one-time process. Save this API key securely.

Using JWT

Benzinga APIs support asymmetric JWT (JSON Web Token) for authentication.

To authenticate using JWT, send the token in query parameter when you open the WebSocket connection. Pseudo-code for connecting (and authenticating) would be as below:

socket.connect("wss://squawk.benzinga.com/ws/v4/webrtc?jwt=<jwt_token>")

With JWT there is no need to send a separate auth message as the token includes all of the relevant properties. Be sure to refer to Benzinga JWT documentation.

Please refer to https://github.com/Benzinga/jwt for more information on Benzinga JWT token. For JWT, you will need to share the hosting location/endpoint of your public key to Benzinga from where our authenticator service would be able to download the public key using key ID. At the moment this is a manual one time process.

On successful authentication and connection, you should get the following response:

{
    "iceServers": [{
        "urls": "turn:turnserver.benzinga.com:443",
        "username": "1567755301:XQbpzZ0YzltGon1q6paqbfensmE\u003d",
        "credential": "JfJBS295kI/5pjCQgGGJDgHv9ms\u003d"
    }],
    "id": "4158f900-d652-483a-8147-866d99ed9f8a",
    "type": "authResponse"
}

The ice server details contains both STUN and TURN server.

Join Room

Once you have received the iceServers details, authentication is done. Next, send the join room request/message. The room name for benzinga broadcasts is PRO. Sample join room request format:

{
    "room": "PRO",
    "type": "joinRoom",
    "id": "a5fd1a15-17cf-4f66-83a2-0d77704e1870"
}

If the join room is successful, you should just get the same message id in response and no error. On success, you should create a room on client side.

{
    "existingPresenters": [{
        "userId": "c85d0de5-630e-532e-7208-a9e148c93a08:b:071f00f9-8f2f-4479-8cd7-30804d689ca7",
        "username": "Charles Gross"
    }, {
        "userId": "5e7631ab-d88b-ec1c-1f14-55753629f80d:b:3db50b88-4181-4914-abcb-5e9c0624d86b",
        "username": "Benzinga Newsdesk"
    }],
    "id": "a5fd1a15-17cf-4f66-83a2-0d77704e1870",
    "type": "joinRoomResponse"
}

existingPresenters represents active broadcasters at the moment.

Get Available Streams/Channels

Fetch the list of available streams/channels in the room

{
    "id": "9316ebd8-bc16-456d-b70f-415fbe4db1f2",
    "type": "getAvailableStreams"
}

The successful response should be:

{
    "streams": [{
        "id": 1,
        "type": "live",
        "description": "Pro Squawk English",
        "metadata": "Pro Squawk channel for realtime audio updates related to headlines, price movement and rumors as stories develop",
        "allowedListening": true,
        "allowedBroadcasting": false
    }],
    "id": "9316ebd8-bc16-456d-b70f-415fbe4db1f2",
    "type": "getAvailableStreamsResponse"
}

You can subscribe to one or more stream for listening from the list. Note that, allowedListening and allowedBroadcasting indicates if this user has listening and broadcasting rights to the channel.

Subscribe to Stream

Subscribe to a particular stream passing stream id.

{
    "id": "fb97854b-1291-467b-b518-e91dfb9d64b1",
    "streamId": 1,
    "restart": false,
    "type": "subscribeToStream"
}

Note that restart flag is used to indicate if there needs a peer re-negotiation (ICE Restart) for a stream. This should be used in case of peer connection is failing for any reason (e.g. change in network). It is optional if you are creating a new peer connection. A successful response should have SDP offer for subscribed stream:

{
    "sdpOffer": "v\u003d0\r\no\u003d- 1598527749225841 1 IN IP4 192.168.2.6\r\ns\u003dMountpoint 1\r\nt\u003d0 0\r\na\u003dgroup:BUNDLE audio\r\na\u003dmsid-semantic: WMS janus\r\nm\u003daudio 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 111\r\nc\u003dIN IP4 192.168.2.6\r\na\u003dsendonly\r\na\u003dmid:audio\r\na\u003drtcp-mux\r\na\u003dice-ufrag://2Y\r\na\u003dice-pwd:zXU9lnCAIhI7S0/zZ5yAJT\r\na\u003dice-options:trickle\r\na\u003dfingerprint:sha-256 DE:29:EE:4D:80:64:2B:45:11:71:BC:9F:D0:68:25:71:4D:08:2D:5E:ED:32:C8:AB:DD:98:CA:AF:B8:6F:2F:94\r\na\u003dsetup:actpass\r\na\u003drtpmap:111 opus/48000/2\r\na\u003dextmap:1 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid\r\na\u003dmsid:janus janusa0\r\na\u003dssrc:658882346 cname:janus\r\na\u003dssrc:658882346 msid:janus janusa0\r\na\u003dssrc:658882346 mslabel:janus\r\na\u003dssrc:658882346 label:janusa0\r\na\u003dcandidate:1 1 udp 2013266431 192.168.2.6 35278 typ host\r\na\u003dend-of-candidates\r\n",
    "streamId": 1,
    "id": "fb97854b-1291-467b-b518-e91dfb9d64b1",
    "type": "subscribeToStreamResponse"
}

Start Stream

Now you have an SDP offer of the subscribed stream. So at this point, process the received SDP offer and send back SDP answer with startStrea request to start receiving and listening.

{
    "id": "87d4945b-ec7f-4451-8281-cd3d20da7a47",
    "sdpAnswer": "v=0\r\no=- 7051170108058563345 2 IN IP4 127.0.0.1\r\ns=-\r\nt=0 0\r\na=group:BUNDLE audio\r\na=msid-semantic: WMS\r\nm=audio 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 111\r\nc=IN IP4 0.0.0.0\r\na=rtcp:9 IN IP4 0.0.0.0\r\na=ice-ufrag:bBpg\r\na=ice-pwd:QflT1eESz7K2mIItHDjl8O+2\r\na=ice-options:trickle\r\na=fingerprint:sha-256 ED:9B:96:E5:1A:A0:C3:CA:5D:9D:70:6B:55:41:5D:F1:05:4A:51:DD:AA:81:BC:46:BD:3E:8B:CB:2E:B2:47:64\r\na=setup:active\r\na=mid:audio\r\na=extmap:1 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid\r\na=recvonly\r\na=rtcp-mux\r\na=rtpmap:111 opus/48000/2\r\na=fmtp:111 minptime=10;useinbandfec=1\r\n",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "startStream"
}

On success, the response should have the status of stream and at this point, the user should start receiving the audio stream:

{
    "status": "starting",
    "streamId": 1,
    "id": "87d4945b-ec7f-4451-8281-cd3d20da7a47",
    "type": "startStreamResponse"
}

Send ICE Candidate

Typical request/message format to send iceCandidate from each stream's peer:

{
    "candidate": {
        "candidate": "candidate:2561942037 1 udp 2113937151 99ac813a-15cb-47b5-8722-0cb0c1659d97.local 50388 typ host generation 0 ufrag c1ss network-cost 999",
        "sdpMLineIndex": 0,
        "sdpMid": "audio"
    },
    "id": "3f194659-7179-4a66-bb05-b7861063143f",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "iceCandidate"
}

Response:

{
    "id": "3f194659-7179-4a66-bb05-b7861063143f",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "iceCandidateResponse"
}

Also, add an event handler on stream's peer connection's onicegatheringstatechange event. And on complete state (when ICE gathering completed), send the following request to notify same:

{
    "id": "c17601e9-928e-4f7d-ac18-a2de3612f493",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "listenerIceGatheringCompleted"
}

Success response should be:

{
    "id": "c17601e9-928e-4f7d-ac18-a2de3612f493",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "listenerIceGatheringCompletedResponse"
}

Stop Stream

If you want to stop listening and disconnect from all channels/streams, you can send logout request. But in case, if you want to stop listening to a specific stream/channel, you can send stopStream request.

{
    "id": "0c346041-d0d7-4321-a0f6-caa45f29495b",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "stopStream"
}

Success response should be:

{
    "id": "0c346041-d0d7-4321-a0f6-caa45f29495b",
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "stopStreamResponse"
}

Note that, if you are sending subscribeToStream on an existing peer connection fail event (meaning you are starting over again), then you must invoke stopStream first to dispose of the existing peer connection before a fresh subscribeToStream

Notifications from server

Add a handler for the following message/notification types, which will be sent by squawk server.

  • mediaOverride

Meaning this user has started playing the same stream from another session (could be logged in from another browser/client). So Squawk server discards the peer connections associated with that stream. The mediaOverride notification will be in the following format:

{
    "streamId": 1,
    "type": "mediaOverride"
}

Ping/Pong mechanism to keep alive the Web Socket

Implement the regular interval ping messages to keep the Web Socket connection alive. Every 25-30 seconds should be good enough. Ping request format:

{
    "type": "ping",
    "id": "e4809b6b-319a-4fa9-94e0-94ae86a33f13"
}

In response, you should just get the same id:

{
    "id": "e4809b6b-319a-4fa9-94e0-94ae86a33f13",
    "type": "pingResponse",
}

Logout

Send the logout message when you want to stop listening or your container application's session ends. The logout request/message should be:

{
    "type": "logout",
    "id": "9461455c-6f4b-438d-b182-72cc2304521d"
}

Using RTP

Squawk also supports RTP streaming, which can be useful if you are looking to re-broadcast from your media server or for any other RTP specific purpose. One can connect to squawk RTP by implementing the following mechanism.

For RTP receiver sample implementation, you can refer https://github.com/Benzinga/benzinga-squawk-client. There are chances that more than one broadcaster active at the same time. In such a case, there will be multiple streams from each broadcaster. So keep around 5 ports open for incoming RTP streams and configure them as shown in rtp-receiver example. 5 open ports are more than enough.

Create a socket connection

Similar to WebRTC, for RTP also, the authentication, joining room, SDP negotiation, and other message exchange happens over WebSocket. So first connect to WebSocket. The Benzinga Squawk RTP service WebSocket address is:

wss://squawk.benzinga.com/rtp

Authenticate

At the moment squawk supports only API key authentication for RTP.

Using API key

Once the socket connection is created, authenticate with your apikey.

{
    "id": "70572814-8ebb-11ea-b9d9-8bb3db575e99",
    "role": "rtpreceiver",
    "type": "auth",
    "apikey": "f5kec5x6gplwdv8o5dcn5aydtyx132u8"
}

Response:

{
    "id": "70572814-8ebb-11ea-b9d9-8bb3db575e99",
    "type": "authResponse"
}

Note: Please get in touch with the Benzinga licensing team for acquiring apiKey. This is a one-time process. Save this API key securely.

Join Room

Once authenticated, send the join room request/message. The room name for benzinga broadcasts is PRO. Sample join room request format:

{
    "room": "PRO",
    "type": "joinRoom",
    "id": "a5fd1a15-17cf-4f66-83a2-0d77704e1870"
}

If the join room is successful, you should just get the same message id in response and no error. On success, you should create a room on client side.

{
    "existingPresenters": [{
        "userId": "c85d0de5-630e-532e-7208-a9e148c93a08:b:071f00f9-8f2f-4479-8cd7-30804d689ca7",
        "username": "Charles Gross"
    }, {
        "userId": "5e7631ab-d88b-ec1c-1f14-55753629f80d:b:3db50b88-4181-4914-abcb-5e9c0624d86b",
        "username": "Benzinga Newsdesk"
    }],
    "id": "a5fd1a15-17cf-4f66-83a2-0d77704e1870",
    "type": "joinRoomResponse"
}

existingPresenters represents active broadcasters at the moment. So if there are any existing broadcasters, you should start SDP negotiation with each broadcaster to receive the audio stream.

SDP negotiation

Negotiate the SDP offer with each broadcaster using userId received in a presenter object. Sample format as shown below:

{
    "id": "ddd8a81e-8ec0-11ea-96a6-6339b9e47143",
    "type": "receiveMedia",
    "sdpOffer": "v=0\nt=0 0\nm=audio 8447 RTP/AVP 98\nc=IN IP4 127.0.0.1\na=recvonly\na=rtpmap:98 opus/48000/2\na=fmtp:98 stereo=0; sprop-stereo=0; useinbandfec=1",
    "userId": "d26826c0-0ecb-9d68-a429-3e4159f49bab:b:071f00f9-8f2f-4479-8cd7-30804d689ca7"
}

Some references for SDP: Quick overview of SDP fields RTP and SDP

Sample SDP offer:

v=0
t=0 0
m=audio 8449 RTP/AVP 98
c=IN IP4 127.0.0.1
a=recvonly
a=rtpmap:98 opus/48000/2
a=fmtp:98 stereo=0; sprop-stereo=0; useinbandfec=1

Please note that to receive RTP stream on your end you must have a publicly accessible IP:Port. As stated earlier, you should create a pool of 4-5 open ports and use them while you generate SDP offer for a broadcaster. For e.g. in the above SDP offer, the port is 8449. Also when broadcaster left and the streaming session ends, you should return the used IP back to pool fr next time use.

On successful negotiation you should get below response:

{
    "sdpAnswer": "v\u003d0\r\no\u003d- 3797665759 3797665759 IN IP4 172.17.0.2\r\ns\u003dKurento Media Server\r\nc\u003dIN IP4 172.17.0.2\r\nt\u003d0 0\r\nm\u003daudio 18256 RTP/AVP 98\r\na\u003dsendonly\r\na\u003drtpmap:98 opus/48000/2\r\na\u003dfmtp:98 stereo\u003d0; sprop-stereo\u003d0; useinbandfec\u003d1\r\na\u003dssrc:2434529108 cname:user523588678@host-17c9a160\r\na\u003drtcp:18257\r\n",
    "id": "ddd8a81e-8ec0-11ea-96a6-6339b9e47143",
    "type": "receiveMediaResponse"
}

sdpAnswer can be useful if you are aiming to re-broadcast the stream via WebRTC through any media server on your end. If not then simply ignore that. At this point, after successful SDP negotiation, you should start receiving RTP audio stream from Squawk.

Logout

Send the logout message when you want to stop receiving RTP stream

{
    "type": "logout",
    "id": "9461455c-6f4b-438d-b182-72cc2304521d"
}

Ideally, you should send a logout message to Squawk before closing/shutting down your application.

Notifications

Handle the following message/notification types, which will be sent by squawk server.

  • newPresenterArrived

Indicates the new presenter/broadcaster has joined.

{
    "user": {
        "userId": "d26826c0-0ecb-9d68-a429-3e4159f49bab:b:071f00f9-8f2f-4479-8cd7-30804d689ca7",
        "username": "Charles Gross"
    },
    "type": "newPresenterArrived"
}

Upon receiving this notification, start SDP negotiation to receive RTP stream from this broadcaster.

  • presenterLeft

Indicates that the presenter/broadcaster has left and streaming stopped. So should cutoff the RTP stream on receiving this notification and return the associated port to free pool for using on next incoming stream. Typical presenterLeft message will be received in below format:

{
    "userId": "d26826c0-0ecb-9d68-a429-3e4159f49bab:b:071f00f9-8f2f-4479-8cd7-30804d689ca7",
    "type": "presenterLeft"
}
  • mediaOverride

This is the notification that will be sent from Squawk to WebSocket client in a case where you logged in from another session (somewhere else) using the same API key.

{
    "type": "mediaOverride"
}

Probably, you should close the socket connection in the current session on receiving the media override notification.

Ping/Pong mechanism

Similar to WebRTC socket, implement the regular interval ping messages to keep the Web Socket connection alive. Every 25-30 seconds should be good enough. Ping request format:

{
    "type": "ping",
    "id": "e4809b6b-319a-4fa9-94e0-94ae86a33f13"
}

In case if you are using a WebSocket library, it may already have this mechanism and in such a case, you don't need to add the ping message sending functionality.